Print pageWhat is PCD?
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is an inherited, relatively rare condition associated with an abnormality of cilia (Cilia are the microscopic hairs which beat in the airways to sweep secretions containing bacteria and particles out of the lungs, nasal passage and ears). PCD may affect the lungs, nose, sinuses, ears and fertility. The condition involves recurrent infections in the nose, ears, sinuses and lungs and if untreated can lead to a form of lung damage known as ‘bronchiectasis’. Up to 50% of patients with PCD also have dextrocardia (heart on the right side) and situs inversus (internal organs being on the opposite side to normal). The mainstay of treatment is a chest physiotherapy and targeted antibiotics enabling individuals to lead normal lives. Any problems resulting from PCD vary from person to person.
Please watch the video below to get a better understanding of the condition and how it is diagnosed.
Once diagnosed with PCD, for those patients that live in England, children will be referred to one of four National PCD Management Centres (Leeds/ Bradford, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospital Southampton or the Royal Brompton). Each Centre has a specialised Clinical team including respiratory and ENT consultants, specialist nurses and respiratory physiotherapist to support the treatment of the child. They will work closely with the patient’s local respiratory team to ensure that the child is receiving the best possible care. For adults and for children who do not live in England this care will be delivered by their local respiratory team.